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Exhaust Air Quality Pollutant Emissions Testing

Before passenger cars can be type approved for sale in the European Union they must meet certain standards for exhaust emissions of air quality pollutants. In 2007, European Regulation EC/715/2007 introduced Euro 5 and Euro 6 limits. Since the 1st January 2011, all new cars have been required to be approved to the Euro 5 standard and as from 1st September 2015 tested to the more stringent Euro 6 standard. As with the fuel consumption tests, a single vehicle representative of a particular version is tested.

Because the testing procedures are intended to confirm whether a car meets a Euro standard or not, the type approval emission figures listed in the tables should not be used for other purposes, such as to rank a number of vehicles.

Tables of Emission Limits relating to vehicles listed in this guide

Table 1 - Euro 5

Cars not exceeding 2.5 tonnes laden – Euro 5 – EC Regulation EC/715/2007

Table 1 - Euro 5

Number of seats

Fuel

Limit values (mg/km)

Implementation Dates

 

 

CO

THC

NMHC

NOx

THC+NOX

PM

Particles (number/km)

Type Approval of new models

All Models

up to 9

P

1000

100

68

60

-

5.0/4.5

-

1/09/09

1/01/11

up to 9

D

500

-

-

180

230

5.0/4.5

6,0 x 1011

1/09/09

1/01/11

Key: P- petrol, D - diesel, CO - carbon monoxide, HC - hydrocarbons, NOx - oxides of nitrogen, PM - particulate matter

Table 2 - Euro 6

Cars not exceeding 2.5 tonnes laden – Euro 6 – EC Regulation EC/715/2007

Table 2 - Euro 6

Number of seats

Fuel

Limit values (mg/km)

Implementation Dates

 

 

CO

THC

NMHC

NOx

THC+NOX

PM

Particles (number/km) 

Type Approval of new models

All Models

up to 9

P

1000

100

68

60

-

5.0/4.5

-

1/09/14

1/09/15

up to 9

D

500

-

-

80

170

5.0/4.5

6,0 x 1011

1/09/14

1/09/15

Key: P- petrol, D – diesel, CO – carbon monoxide, HC – hydrocarbons, NOx – oxides of nitrogen, PM – particulate matter.

Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles produce no air quality pollutant exhaust emissions (although the production of the electricity elsewhere has some environmental impact, in the same way that the production of petrol and diesel fuels has some environmental impact).  To find out more about electric vehicles, please visit the Office for Low Emission Vehicles website at: www.gov.uk/olev.  The Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders have also provided a useful guide on the subject which can be downloaded free of charge at http://www.smmt.co.uk/2011/08/electric-car-guide/.

Living with an electric car

For the latest news on electric vehicles and the increasing variety of vehicles now on the market, visit http://www.goultralow.com

On electric vehicle technology, the Energy Saving Trust has produced a short film covering a range of issues around electric vehicles including, grants, running costs, maximising range and recharging:   http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/Travel/Electric-vehicles

The Energy Saving Trust (EST) also has a series of three videos under the title "Living with an electric car" available here:  http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/Travel/Electric-vehicles .This series of three short clips is presented by Robert Llewellyn of Red Dwarf and Scrapheap Challenge. They cover most of the questions potential buyers may have including charging, range and the cost of fuel (electricity) for the vehicles. They offer a realistic and in-depth review of the viability of electric cars and vans

Part 1 Choosing an electric vehicle;

Part 2 Driving the car;

Part 3 Living with the car.

Link to Information on Car Fuel Data and CO2 emissions - next page

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