Last update: 16/03/2006 15:38:17
The Co-operative Crash Injury Study (CCIS) aims to determine how people are injured in car crashes, the injuries sustained and to present this data in a format suitable for use by its sponsors.
The objective of CCIS is to complete in-depth accident analysis of vehicles to provide a vital insight into how people are injured in road traffic accidents in the UK. Retrospective examinations of crashed vehicles correlated with injuries to their occupants are used to determine how people are injured. Thus, the study provides a mechanism to monitor in-depth, the crash performance of car structures, occupant protection systems, the benefits of countermeasures and their resultant effect upon occupant injury.
CCIS should provide:
An in-depth understanding of injury causation to car occupants;
Information on the crashworthiness of vehicles;
Information on the performance and effectiveness of occupant protection systems;
A mechanism to identify and prioritise the need for improvements in vehicle safety;
The ability to monitor and analyse the effectiveness of vehicle based safety systems, diagnostics and countermeasures;
Biomechanical information to assist in the development of crash test tools and determination of human injury performance and tolerance criteria; and
Evidence to support the need for development of policy and standards that lead to improvements in car occupant protection.
In-depth accident studies provide a vital insight into how people are injured in road traffic accidents. In these studies, an examination of a crashed vehicle is correlated with the injuries to the occupants to determine how people are injured. From its inception in 1983, the Co-operative Crash Injury Study (CCIS) has been investigating real life car accidents in the UK to understand car occupant injury causation. The study has grown to be one of the largest and most well respected studies of its kind in the world. In each investigation, a detailed examination of an accident-damaged car is correlated with the injuries to the car occupants. This provides an insight into how people are injured in car crashes. Analysis of the CCIS data provides a unique insight into how car structures, restraints and advanced safety systems influence car occupant injury. This real world injury and vehicle information is used in a wide range of research and has been the foundation for many of the car safety improvements that have occurred since the study began. CCIS data has directly influenced vehicle design improvements, legislation, consumer crash test programmes and test tool injury criteria. Thus, CCIS has and continues to make positive contributions to the development of safer vehicles. The CCIS has been funded in phases and this document outlines the requirements for Phase 8 of the study.
CCIS is contructed of five constituent parts. These are:
Data Collection A1: £1014318 (BASC)
Data Collection A2: £1379975 (VSRC)
Data Collection A3: £631826 (TRL Ltd)
Technical Management B: £402352 (TRL Ltd)
Project Management C: £287551 (TRL Ltd)
Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham, Berkshire, RG40 3GA
+44 (0)1344 773131
Vehicle Safety Research Centre
Holywell Building, Holywell Way, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE113UZ
Birmingham Accident Research Centre (BARC)
School of Mechanical, Materials, Manufacturing Engineering and Management, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT
+44 (0)121 414 5156
Cost to the Department: £2,477,348.00
Actual start date: 01 February 2006
Expected completion date: 31 January 2009