Project: Improved Injury Criteria for Child Dummies (CHILD)

Reference: S0126/VF

Last update: 05/01/2009 16:57:23


The objectives of this EU 5th Framework project are to:

* gain a better understanding of real world crashes and the associated injury outcomes experienced by child occupants, through real world crash investigations (approximately 300 cases) and full-scale reconstruction of a selection of these cases;
* evaluate of the kinematics of children in different types of impacts for different ages of children and for different types of child restraint systems;
* consider the consequences of interactions of restrained children with "new smart restraint systems" designed for the adult population, such as pretensioners, frontal and lateral airbags, et cetera;
* obtain data necessary to consolidate further, or establish child injury criteria and child injury risk curves; and
* disseminate the research into other EC and national projects and associated networks.

The overall EC CHILD project aims to enhance the development of designs, methods, tests, and tools that will reduce the risk of injuries to children. Without this research information would not be fed into the CRS manufacturers and organisations such as ISO, IHRA, EEVC and regulatory bodies to increase safety for children in vehicles.

The results of this project will make practical recommendations and tools for consumers, manufacturers (cars and CRS) and regulatory bodies.


The overall European CHILD project will combine its results with the earlier results of the previous EC CREST project. This will involve virtual modelling of behaviour of the main body regions of children including virtual modelling of CRSs and crashes.

The project will supplement the work carried out on the following projects that have been mainly associated with child safety:

S082E/VF - Child Occupant Protection
S0014/VF - Evaluation of Child Dummies
S0012/VF - Airbag Interaction: Children and THOR Dummy

It will also support the UK contribution to the EU 5th Framework project CHILD, which includes support from research organisations and car and commercial vehicle manufacturers from the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and Sweden.

The results will feed into the ongoing discussions within the EEVC, ISO and IHRA.


TRL Limited
Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham, Berkshire, RG40 3GA
+44 (0)1344 773131

Contract details

Cost to the Department: £600,468.00

Actual start date: 21 April 2003

Actual completion date: 31 December 2006


CHILD: Advanced methods for improved child safety Final report
Author: TRL Ltd C Visvikis, M Le Claire, J carroll, R Cuerden, R Bartlett, S Adams and D Hynd
Publication date: 10/04/2008
Source: PPR 322, Available from TRL,, Tel 01344 773131
More information:

Assessment of the Q dummy in the EC CHILD project
Author: C Visvikis, M Le Claire, S Adams, J Carroll et al
Publication date: 10/04/2007
Source: PPR 291, Available from TRL,, Tel 01344 773131
More information:

PR/SE/834/03 Literature review for non-EU papers on the effects of child restraint usability and misuse
Author: TRL, Ltd
Publication date: 12/07/2006
Source: Contact