Project: Seatbelts: Requirements for Minibuses and Coaches.

Reference: S0016/VF

Last update: 19/03/2008 16:16:39


The project objectives are to:

* investigate the suitability of adult seat belts for children in buses and coaches; and
* investigate and develop a potential method for non-destructive testing of low volume vehicle seat belt anchorages.


Buses and coaches generally have an excellent safety record, however, when accidents do occur they can result in large numbers of casualties. Over the last 5 years there have been considerable improvements in occupant safety, particularly in coaches and minibuses, by extending the legal requirements for the provision of seatbelts.

There have been discussions at European level concerning the extension of mandatory wearing requirements to all bus and coach seats where belts are fitted. While such measures would have obvious benefits for adults, the benefits are less clear for children, for whom the adult belts are not specifically designed.

Further, all new seatbelts and anchorages installed in new or existing vehicles since October 2001 have been required to meet specific technical requirements. Seatbelts anchorages are required to meet the technical and installation requirements of UNECE Reg 14 or the equivalent EC Directive 76/115 (as amended). These tests were originally intended as Type Approval regulations for large scale production and therefore involve destructive testing. Since many buses and coaches are required in small volumes it has not been considered practical to require full Type Approval for these vehicles. Although vehicles other than cars are currently exempt from Type Approval requirements for seat belt anchorages, there is a need to introduce a low-cost method of anchorage approval suitable for low-volume vehicles.


ICE Ergonomics
Holywell Building, Holywell Way, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3UZ
+44 (0)1509 283300

TRL Limited
Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham, Berkshire, RG40 3GA
+44 (0)1344 773131

Contract details

Cost to the Department: £363,051.00

Actual start date: 09 July 2002

Actual completion date: 04 May 2006


PPR050. A Low Cost Method of Evaluating Seatbelt Anchorages for Low Volume Vehicles (M1, M2 and M3) Final Report
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 31/05/2005
ISBN: 1-84608-958-1
Source: Contact
More information:

PPR076. Development of Measures for Improving Child Protection in Minibuses, Buses and Coaches
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 28/02/2006
Source: Contact
More information:

CON:05700. Seatbelts: Requirements for Minibuses and Coaches. Module 1 Phase 1 Final Report
Author: VSRC on behalf of TRL Ltd
Publication date: 30/06/2005
Source: Contact

Summary of results

  1. This project produced two main reports; Suggested Measures for Improving Child Protection in Minibuses, Buses and Coaches and A Low Cost Method for Evaluating Seatbelt Anchorages for Low Volume vehicles.