Project: Review of Frontal and Side Impact Directives and SID Development

Reference: S092E/VF

Last update: 27/08/2003 13:41:26

Objectives

The objectives of this research were to determine:

* the real world injury protection offered to occupants of cars which comply with the new frontal and side impact directives and to compare these cars with those that do not meet the directives and those that do well in Euro NCAP testing; and
* the revisions needed to develop a new side impact dummy, including the ability to measure the response of critical body regions such as the Head, Neck, Thorax and Abdomen; taking into account the type, severity, frequency and distribution of injuries, and the performance of vehicle structures and restraint systems.

Description

The EC Directives on frontal and side impact became effective from 1st October 1998. Because car safety is rapidly evolving, the Directives incorporate a requirement to review certain technical aspects before 1st October 2000. The main aims of this project were to provide support to the European Enhanced Vehicle-safety Committee (EEVC) to conduct this review and to assess the suitability of the new EuroSID dummy (referred to as ES-2) as a replacement for the current EuroSID-I dummy.

Contractor(s)

TRL Limited
Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham, Berkshire, RG40 3GA
+44 (0)1344 773131

Contract details

Cost to the Department: £613,352.00

Actual start date: 04 January 1999

Actual completion date: 31 January 2001

Publication(s)

EEVC report to EC DG Enterprise regarding the revision of the Frontal and Side Impact Directives
Author: EEVC
Publication date: 01/01/2001
Unpublished
Source: Available from the EEVC web site www.eevc.org.

PR/SE/095/00. Review of the Frontal and Side Impact Directives. Final report
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/12/2000
Unpublished
Source: Contact steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk
More information: http://www.trl.co.uk/static/dft/trl_pr_se_095_00.pdf

PR/SE/190/2000. Review of Frontal and Side Directives - report on further development of EuroSID-1, ES2 and WorldSID
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/12/2000
Unpublished
Source: Contact steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk
More information: http://www.trl.co.uk/static/dft/pr_se_190_00.pdf

Paper. Review of the European Frontal and Side Impact Directives. 17th International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/05/2001
Unpublished
Source: Contact steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk

Paper. Review of the Frontal and Side Impact Directives. International Conference on Vehicle Safety 2000
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/05/2000
Unpublished
Source: Contact steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk

PR/SE/610/99. Review of Frontal & Side Impact Directives. Interim report
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/12/1999
Unpublished
Source: Contact steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk

CIC 03342. EC Legislation Analysis. Project Progress Report
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 13/10/1998
Unpublished
Source: Contact: steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk

Accident Analyses for the Review of the Frontal and Side Impact Directives
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 22/12/1998
Unpublished
Source: Contact: steve.gillingham@dft.gsi.gov.uk

Summary of results

  1. Conclusions For the review of the Directives a comprehensive analysis of the results from the European New Car Assessment Programme (EuroNCAP) crash tests have been used to consider the appropriateness of the current injury criteria, car structural performance requirements and test configuration. This was backed up with accident analysis using data from the UK Co-operative Crash Injury Study (CCIS) and a recent accident analysis partly funded by the European Commission and participating member states. Full scale crash testing was used to help substantiate the findings of the study. Based on the data available for the review and the opinions of the authors, recommendations for amendments to the frontal and side impact Directives have been made.

    A new EuroSID dummy (ES-2), designed to address a number of problems highlighted during the use of the current EuroSID-1, was tested and evaluated to confirm that its behaviour is consistent with that of the current EuroSID-1. This included sled tests to assess its biofidelity and pendulum impactor tests together with a full-scale car crash test to compare its performance to the current EuroSID-1. In summary, it was found that the performance of the ES-2 dummy, with the exception of rib deflection, was comparable with that of the EuroSID-1 dummy.