Project: Biomechanics and Dummy Development

Reference: S080D/VF

Last update: 04/12/2003 09:06:03


There is a need to know the distribution of injury tolerance in order to be able to calculate potential benefits from proposed legislation and to know the effects of setting different performance requirements in legislative tests. Similarly, more advanced and suitable dummies are required for this evaluation to keep abreast of advances in knowledge on biomecanics and injury which will lead towards worldwide harmonisation of testing designs. The immediate need is to maintain up to date information on side impacts as the draft directive progresses, but future developments of, or modifications to, regulations on frontal impacts mean that this information will be required also for frontal impacts.


This project was concerned with the development of reliable and biofidelic dummies for use in tests on vehicles to measure the injury risk to vehicle occupants, and on the relationship between the responses of the dummies and the risk of injury. Specifically, this project included a contribution to the development of an advanced dummy suitable for use in frontal impact testing.


TRL Limited
Crowthorne House, Nine Mile Ride, Wokingham, Berkshire, RG40 3GA
+44 (0)1344 773131

Contract details

Cost to the Department: £1,176,000.00

Actual start date: 01 April 1992

Actual completion date: 01 March 1996


PR/VE/200/96. Final Report on Biomechanics and Dummy Development
Author: TRL Ltd
Publication date: 01/03/1996
Source: Contact:

Summary of results

  1. A final report on biomechanics and dummy development over the period was produced which included collaborative work with NHTSA on an advanced dummy thorax.A study of the total risk analysis using mathematical simulation techniques was carried out using different occupant sizes, seat belt characteristics and steering wheel set-up. A retrospective study of lower limb injuries was undertaken to support EEVC recommendations for frontal impact legislation. Thorax performance criteria were determined. A prospective study of lower limb injuries has een set up which is to include biomechanical testing of specimens.