Last update: 02 August 2011
As set out in the strategic road safety framework (May 2011), vehicle technologies play a key role in reducing casualties. Improved crashworthiness and crash avoidance have helped delivering better safety in UK roads. The aim of this research programme is to provide the evidence base for policy development and prioritization. For example, research objectives include (but are not limited to): . prioritise systems with strong safety benefits and identify implementation issues; . investigate systems that detect and protect vulnerable road users; . research the differences in injury mechanisms and mitigations for different groups such as women, older people and rear seated passengers.
Transport technology research in support of measures to reduce the impact of vehicles and fuels on the environment is detailed in the Cleaner Fuels and Vehicles section of the database.
To be Updated.
This theme supports the development of technical standards for vehicle exhaust emissions, noise and road fuels. It supports the department's knowledge base in this fast moving area which in turn informs the on-going negotiations at national and international level (esp. EU and UN-ECE). The programme of research also supports the routine checks on the actual emissions performance of vehicles in-service and the servicing of vehicles. This information provides the basis for best practice advice and initiatives. Emissions research focusing upon test methodologies and the instrumentation to measure small particulates is significant and builds upon previous work in this area. Other projects helping to define new "drive" cycles to reflect normal use patterns of vehicles are priorities as is collecting data to help model national emissions from transport modes. New work on noise emissions from new technology vehicles is a priority which will feed into a city centre noise mapping exercise. New work on alternative fuels is also set to advance our understanding of the effectiveness of these new fuels.
3. Accessibility - Archived [Theme 8]
The Accessibility theme addresses child restraint systems, driver's vision, large passenger vehicles. Technical standards for accessible taxis, wheelchairs, wheelchair tiedowns and occupant restraints.
4. Road User Charging - Archived [Theme 11]
To research and demonstrate interoperable road charging and services, from in-vehicle devices to billing and enforcement, in a form suitable for adoption by Local Authorities. To investigate and assess new techniques, technologies and business processes that could be used for future charging schemes.
5. Foresight Vehicle - Archived [Theme 10]
The Foresight Vehicle Programme is a major initiative of Government which was established about 4 years ago to bring together UK resources and expertise to create components and systems for the vehicles of the future. Over 250 separate organisations are actively involved, including vehicle and component manufacturers, Universities, industrial research organisations, national and local government, trade associations and user groups such as those representing passengers, pedestrians, logistics and networks. The main aim of this programme is to develop, demonstrate and promote technology for vehicles that will be available to the mass market by 2020. This new technology will work towards targets that include: * reducing congestion, * increasing safety, and * improving air quality. DfT involvement in Foresight Vehicle helps balance the policy driven aspects of the vehicle engineering research programme with opportunities to invest in innovative blue-sky type research leading to advanced technologies for the 21st century. In pursing this balanced approach, we expect to contribute about £4 million over a five year period. We are currently involved in eight projects and a group of further projects have received technical approval from a project management panel (PMP) consisting of industrialists, research scientists and academics. The projects support the objectives in the 10 yr plan for transport.
6. Accident Investigation [Theme 9]
Accurate information on collisions and injuries is a fundamental requirement of the vehicle safety research programme. Almost without exception, the whole International Vehicle Standards Division safety portfolio relies upon the evidence gathered from in-depth collision/injury analysis and reconstruction to guide researchers. The evidence forms a basic aspect in justifying solutions and new standards in terms of actual benefits to motorists, road users and society. Collision data have been collected by the Department for many years with discrete programmes for collision avoidance (Cooperative Crash Injury Study - CCIS), collision mitigation (On The Spot - OTS) and specific studies for truck and bus incidents (Heavy Vehicle Crash Injury Study - HVCIS). Initiated in 2012, the Road Accident In-Depth Studies project (RAIDS) has been designed as a single programme addressing each of the areas of the former work. The RAIDS database incorporates data from the earlier programmes that were collected from the year 2000 and up to 2010. These will be supplemented by new data collected by RAIDS ensuring the database remains relevant to national vehicle fleet and to the traffic incidents that result in injuries on our roads.
7. Intelligent Transport Systems - Archived [Theme 5 ]
Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) offer a range of technology solutions to support delivery of the Government's future transport vision, helping to improve safety, reduce congestion and to bring environmental, economic and social benefits. The White Paper 'The Future of Transport - a network for 2030' highlights a commitment to encourage and enable greater adoption of technology. Specifically it talks about the development and deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems as playing an important role in supporting delivery of road safety, congestion and other policy objectives. An ongoing project under this theme is Future Intelligent Transport Systems (FITS). FITS project is co-sponsored with the Technology Strategy Board and the EPSRC and includes three separate projects: Freeflow, Footlite and User Innovation. FITS's aim is to promote innovation by bringing together multidisciplinary consortia to develop innovative solutions to UK's transport problems. Three recently completed projects are ITS technical Framework, Electronic Vehicle Identification (EVI) and Co-operative Vehicle Highway Systems (CVHS). We have embarked on the first phase of a programme to develop and maintain the ITS Technical Framework for the road sector in the UK. The work to date comprises Phase 1 of the development of the Technical Framework. Under this phase, we worked with key stakeholders to discuss the high level aspirations and to define objectives and the scope for the Technical Framework. We have no current plans to carry out further work on the development of the Technical Framework. EVI Standards project has developed an international standard for Electronic Vehicle Identification, with the primary aim of ensuring that, if and when developed, systems from different manufacturers are fully interoperable. CVHS project has looked at the many benefits that have been predicted or claimed for systems that closely couple a vehicle and infrastructure. The project's aims were to investigate whether or not the benefits being claimed for CVHS were realistic, and to consider how far these benefits could help the Department deliver on it objectives and targets, and if so, to devise a strategy to take this forward.