Survival Module (Yachts)
This course must take place over a minimum period of 3 days or 18 hours of formal instruction.
The assessment shall be in two parts:
1) In course continuous assessment,
2) A final exercise designed to test understanding of the techniques learnt during the course and an oral/written examination to test the underpinning knowledge.
During the course assessment particular attention shall be given to the following operations:-
1. Take charge of a survival craft or rescue boat during and after launch;
2. Operate a survival craft engine;
3. Manage survivors and survival craft after abandoning ship;
4. Use locating devices, including communications and signalling apparatus and pyrotechnics;
5. Apply first aid to survivors.
TOPIC 1 EMERGENCIES AND DRILLS
.1 Is aware of the situations that can give rise to an emergency at sea including man overboard, immobilisation (NUC), fire, collision, flooding, grounding and loss of vessel;
.2 Understands the importance of taking the correct action in emergencies;
.3 Elementary knowledge of marine escape systems;
.4 Can explain the importance of escape routes;
.5 Understands the value of drills and emergency exercises;
.6 Understands the purpose of muster lists and muster stations;
.7 Explains the importance of the correct management and care of passengers.
TOPIC 2 SURVIVAL CRAFT
.1 Types of survival craft in common use including liferafts and lifeboats (open and enclosed);
.2 An outline knowledge of launching apparatus in common use including various types of lifeboat davits;
.3 Understands the operation and correct installation of hydrostatic release;
.4 A knowledge of the SOLAS equipment to be carried in survival craft.
TOPIC 3 FIRST AID FOR SURVIVORS
.1 Explains the initial treatment for burns, scalds, bleeding and fractures;
.2 Demonstrate a knowledge of the cause, effects and treatment of heat illness (burns, strokes and exhaustion);
.3 Demonstrate a knowledge of the cause, effect and treatment of frost injuries;
.4 Demonstrate a knowledge of the cause, effect and treatment of hypothermia;
.5 Is aware of the dangers of drinking sea water and urine;
.6 Explains the management of survival supplies;
.7 Understands the dangers of shock and its correct treatment;
.8 Can explain the correct treatment of an unconscious survivor.
TOPIC 4 LIFEJACKETS AND IMMERSION SUITS
.1 A knowledge of the various types of lifejackets in common use and the importance of correct donning;
.2 Is aware of the requirements for a SOLAS lifejacket;
.3 Is aware of the various types of immersion suits in common use, understands their use and the protection that they provide;
.4 Explains the use of thermal protection aids;
.5 Is aware of the use of lifebuoys and other man overboard life saving equipment.
TOPIC 5 ACTIONS IN SURVIVAL CRAFT
.1 Is aware of the dangers of entering the water from a height;
.2 Boarding a liferaft from a vessel and from the water;
.3 Understands how to right a capsized liferaft;
.4 Explains the correct actions required when boarding a survival craft;
.5 Recovery of injured persons from the water;
.6 Procedures for helicopter rescue;
.7 Transfer of sick and injured persons to shore and to a ship.
TOPIC 6 DISTRESS SIGNALS AND COMMUNICATIONS
.1 A thorough knowledge of distress signals in the International Regulations for the Preventing of Collisions at Sea, Annex 4;
.2 Explains the use of distress rockets, hand flares and smoke floats;
.3 Understands the SOLAS carriage requirements, operation and use of SARTs, EPIRBs and hand held VHFs;
.4 Is aware of the contents and use of the IAMSAR Manual Vol. 3.
TOPIC 7 RESCUE BOATS
.1 Explains the various types of boats that can be used for rescue purposes;
.2 Demonstrate a knowledge of equipment suitable for rescue boats including that used for the recovery of persons from the water;
.3 Methods of launching, crew equipment and training including operations in adverse weather conditions;
.4 Explain the problems associated with the handling of rescue boats in emergency situations;
.5 Demonstrate a knowledge of basic engine maintenance required for both inboard and outboard units.
TOPIC 8 PRACTICAL POOL SESSION
.1 Demonstrate correct liferaft launching procedures;
.2 Enter the water from a height of 3.0 meters, wearing a lifejacket;
.3 Can demonstrate the correct method of righting a capsized liferaft;
.4 Can demonstrate practical methods of individual and group survival;
.5 Is aware of the correct method of entering the water from a liferaft;
.6 Explains the correct actions to be taken after boarding a liferaft or survival craft;
.7 Explain the correct method of preparation of a liferaft for helicopter rescue and the potential dangers involved.
TOPIC 9 PRACTICAL OPEN WATER SESSION
.1 Demonstrate launching and recovery methods for rescue boats and show an understanding of the conduct of these operations in adverse weather;
.2 Demonstrate basic boat handling and manoeuvring alongside a vessel;
.3 Explain basic engine checks and describe the equipment to be carried.
.4 Participate in emergency drills including man overboard, high-speed drills and towing other survival craft including liferafts;
.5 Demonstrate the correct technique for the recovery of person from the water using the equipment available on board, initial treatment and transfer to ship or shore;
.6 Demonstrate the correct initial treatment of persons recovered from the water and methods of transfer to ship or shore.