Department for Transport

Oil & Chemical cargo endorsement | Jan 2007

BML – Oil and Chemical Cargo Endorsement

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Carriage of Oil/Chemical Cargoes

The following items cover Schedule 4 Part 1 sub-section 19 section 8 of the BML Regulations

1. Regulations

a) Outlines national regulations and codes as appropriate to duties on tankers operating in categorised waters (or Inland Waterways) and those governing the safety of personnel on board
b) Demonstrates an awareness of International Convention for the prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) Annexes 2 and 3
c) Demonstrates an appreciation of the Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code) including International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code)

2. Design and equipment

a) Demonstrates a knowledge of safety procedures and appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for loading and discharging of dangerous cargoes (Merchant Shipping Notice 1731)
b) Demonstrates an outline knowledge of common pipeline systems, tank and deck arrangements, cargo pumps, cargo venting systems and pressure/ vacuum valves, heating and cooling systems, alarms, safety aspects of electrical systems and accommodation ventilation

3. Ship Operations

a) Describe the dangers and safety procedures associated with oil/chemical cargoes
b) Explains the procedures for loading, stowing, carrying and discharging of bulk oil and chemical cargoes including:

  • setting-up, connecting and disconnecting cargo lines, nozzles, hoses and couplings

  • operation of pumps and pipelines

  • dipping of tanks

  • taking samples of cargo

  • ship-to-ship transfers

  • checklists

  • importance of proper supervision of personnel

  • gas-freeing operations and tank cleaning operations

c) Demonstrates a knowledge of the control of entry into pump-rooms including ventilation and venting of cargo tanks
d) Demonstrates a knowledge of any special measures to be taken when loading/discharging chemical cargo
e) Demonstrates a knowledge of tanker safety and,

  • the dangers associated with liquid cargoes

  • dangers of static electricity when measuring tank volumes

  • ignition point and flammable range

  • fire tetrahedron

  • causes and dangers of, and procedures to prevent static electricity

  • the toxic effect of oil cargoes

  • use and limitations of instruments used for testing tank atmospheres

f) Describes the precautions and procedures for cargo handling including multigrades and method of ballast management
g) Demonstrates an outline appreciation of volume, density and mass including the knowledge of monitoring cargo quantity
h) Demonstrates an awareness of free-surface effect on stability

Pollution Control

a) Describes the guidelines for pollution prevention
b) Demonstrates a knowledge of the carriage of relevant certificates, Oil Record Book (if carried) including other documentation and cargo sampling procedures
c) Describes the action to be taken in the case of spill and reporting requirements

Repair and Maintenance

a) Demonstrates a knowledge of the precautions to be taken before and during repair and maintenance work including that affecting pumping, piping, electrical and control systems
b) Describes the safety elements necessary in the performance of hot work, control of hot work and hot-work procedure

Emergency Operations

a) Defines Hazard and risk
b) Describes the elements of risk (e.g. spontaneous combustion)
c) Describes alarm and shut down systems
d) Describes actions in the event of failure of services essential to cargo following collision, stranding, spillage or other incident
e) Demonstrates a knowledge of contingency planning, rescue drills, teamwork, use of safety equipment including breathing apparatus and escape equipment