OPEN REVERSIBLE LIFERAFTS
1.1 All open reversible liferafts should:
|Part 4 of Schedule 4 of MSN 1676(M) and Ch IV of LSA Code as appropriate.|
1.1.1 be constructed with proper workmanship and materials;
1.1.2 not be damaged in stowage throughout the air temperature range of -18oC to +65oC;
1.1.3 be capable of operating throughout an air temperature range of -18oC to +65oC, and a sea water temperature range of -1oC to +30o;
1.1.4 be rot proof, corrosion-resistant, and not be unduly affected by sea-water, oil or fungal attack;
1.1.5 be stable and maintain their shape when inflated and fully laden; and
1.1.6 be fitted with retro-reflective material where it will assist in detection and in accordance with the recommendations adopted by the Organisation.
2.1 The open reversible liferaft should be so constructed that when it is dropped into the water in its container from a height of 10 metres, the liferaft and its equipment will operate satisfactorily. If the open reversible liferaft is to be stowed at a height of more than 10 m above the waterline in the lightest seagoing condition, it should be of a type which has been satisfactorily drop-tested from at least that height.
2.2 The open reversible floating liferaft should be capable of withstanding repeated jumps on to it from a height of at least 4.5 metres.
2.3 The open reversible liferaft and its fittings should be constructed as to enable it to be towed as a speed of 3 knots in calm water when loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment, with the sea anchor deployed.
2.4 The open reversible liferaft when fully inflated should be capable of being boarded from the water whichever way up it inflates.
2.5 The main buoyancy chamber should be divided into:
.1 not less than two separate compartments, each inflated through a non-return valve on each compartment; and
.2 the buoyancy chambers should be so arranged that in the event of one of the compartments, being damaged or failing to inflate, the intact compartment, should be able to support, with positive freeboard over the open reversible liferaft's entire periphery, the number of persons which the liferaft is permitted to accommodate, each having a mass of 75 kg, and seated in their normal positions.
2.6 The floor of the open reversible liferaft should be waterproof.
2.7 The open reversible liferaft should be inflated with a non-toxic gas by an inflation system complying with the requirements of regulation III/39 of the Convention. Inflation should be completed within the period of one minute at an ambient temperature of between 18oC and 20oC. After inflation the open reversible liferaft should maintain its form when loaded with its full complement of persons and equipment.
|Ch. IV Para 22.214.171.124 of the LSA Code|
2.8 Each inflatable compartment should be capable of withstanding a pressure equal to at least three the working pressure and should be prevented from reaching a pressure exceeding twice the working pressure either by means of relief valves or by a limited gas supply. Means should be provided for fitting the topping-up pump or bellows.
2.9 The surface of the buoyancy tubes should be of non-slip material. At least 25 per cent of these tubes should be of a highly visible colour.
|It will be acceptable for the water pockets required by para 3.5 and Ch. IV Para 126.96.36.199 of the LSA Code.|
2.10 The number of persons which an open reversible liferaft should be permitted to accommodate should be equal to the lesser of:
.1 the greatest whole number obtained by dividing 0.096 the volume, measured in cubic metres of the main buoyancy tubes (which for this purpose should not include the thwarts if fitted) when inflated; or
.2 the greatest whole number obtained by dividing by 0.372 the inner horizontal cross-sectional area of the open reversible liferaft measured in square metres (which for this purpose may include the thwarts, if fitted) measured to the innermost edge of the buoyancy tubes; or
.3 the number of persons having an average mass of 75 kg, all wearing lifejackets, that can be seated inboard of the buoyancy tubes without interfering with the operation of any of the liferaft's equipment.
3 Open reversible liferaft fittings
3.1 Lifelines should be securely becketed around the inside and outside of the open reversible liferaft.
3.2 The open reversible liferaft should be fitted with an efficient painter of a length suitable for automatic inflation of reaching the water. For open reversible liferafts accommodating more than 30 persons an additional bowsing-in line should be fitted.
3.3 The breaking strength of the painter system including its means of attachment to the open reversible liferaft except the weak link required by regulation III/39 of the Convention should be:
|Ch. IV Para 188.8.131.52 of the LSA Code|
.1 7.5 kN for open reversible liferafts accommodating up to 8 persons;
.2 10.0 kN for open reversible liferafts accommodating 9 to 30 persons;
.3 15.0 kN for open reversible liferaft accommodating more than 30 persons.
3.4 The open reversible liferaft should be fitted with at least the following number of inflated ramps to assist boarding from the sea whichever way up the raft inflates:
.1 one boarding ramp for open reversible liferafts accommodating up to 30 persons; or
.2 two boarding ramps for open reversible liferafts accommodating more than 30 persons, such boarding ramps should be 180o apart.
3.5 The open reversible liferaft should be fitted with water pockets with the following requirements:
.1 the cross-sectional area of the pockets should be in the shape of an isoceles triangle with the base of the triangle attached to the buoyancy tubes of the open reversible liferaft;
.2 the design should be such that the pockets fill to approximately 60% of capacity within 15s to 25s of deployment;
.3 the pockets attached to each buoyancy tube should normally have aggregate capacity of between 125 and 150 for inflatable open reversible liferafts up to and including the 10 person size;
.4 the pockets to be fitted to each buoyancy tube on liferafts certified to carry more than 10 persons should have as far as practicable an aggregate capacity of (12 x N) litres, where N is the number of persons carried;
.5 each pocket on a buoyancy tube should be attached so that when the pocket is in the deployed position it is attached along the full length of its upper edges to, or close to, the lowest part of the lower buoyancy tube; and
.6 the pockets should be distributed symmetrically round the circumference of the liferaft with sufficient separation between each pocket to enable air to escape readily.
3.6 At least one manually controlled lamp complying with the requirements should be fitted on the upper and lower surfaces of the buoyancy tubes.
3.7 Suitable automatic drain arrangements should be provided on each side of the floor of the liferaft in the following manner:
.1 one for open reversible liferafts accommodating up to 30 persons; or
.2 two for open reversible liferafts accommodating more than 30 persons.
3.8 The equipment of every open reversible liferaft should consist of:
.1 one buoyant rescue quoit, attached to not less than 30 m of buoyant line with a breaking strength of at least 1.0 kN;
.2 two safety knives of the non-folding type having a buoyant handle should be fitted attached to the open reversible liferaft by light lines. They should be stowed in pockets so that, irrespective of the way in which the open reversible liferaft inflates, one will be readily available on the top surface of the upper buoyancy tube in a suitable position to enable the painter to be readily cut;
.3 one buoyant bailer;
.4 two sponges;
.5 one sea-anchor permanently attached to the open reversible liferaft in such a way as to be readily deployable when the open reversible liferaft inflates. The position of the sea-anchor should be clearly marked on both buoyancy tubes;
|Complying with the requirements of Part 4 of the schedule 13 of the MSN 1676 (M).|
.6 two buoyant paddles;
|Complying with the requirements of Part 1 of the schedule 13 of the MSN 1676(M).|
.7 one first-aid outfit in a waterproof case capable of being closed tightly after use;
.8 one whistle or equivalent sound signal;
.9 two hand flares;
.10 one waterproof electric torch suitable for Morse signalling together with one spare set of batteries and one spare bulb in a waterproof container;
.11 one repair outfit for repairing punctures in buoyancy compartments; and
.12 one topping-up pump or bellows.
3.9 The equipment specified in 3.8 is designated a HSC Pack.
|DOT (UK) E pack|
3.10 Where appropriate the equipment should be stowed in a container which, if it is not an integral part of, or permanently attached to the open reversible liferaft, should be stowed and secured to the open reversible liferaft and be capable of floating in water for at least 30 minutes without damage to its contents. Irrespective of whether the equipment container is an integral part of, or is permanently attached to, the open reversible liferaft, the equipment should be readily accessible irrespective of which way up the open reversible liferaft inflates. The line which secures the equipment container to the open reversible liferaft should have a breaking strength of 2 kN or a breaking strain of 3:1 based on the mass of the complete equipment pack, whichever is the greater.
4 Containers for open reversible inflatable liferafts
4.1 The open reversible liferafts should be packed in a container that is:
.1 so constructed as to withstand conditions encountered at sea;
.2 of sufficient inherent buoyancy, when packed with the liferaft and its equipment, to pull the painter from within and to operate the inflation mechanism should the craft sink; and
.3 as far as practicable watertight, except for drain holes in the container bottom.
4.2 The container should be marked with:
.1 maker's name or trade mark
.2 serial number;
.3 the number of persons it is permitted to carry;
.4 non-SOLAS reversible;
.5 type of emergency pack enclosed;
.6 date when last serviced;
.7 length of painter;
.8 maximum permitted height of stowage above waterline (depending on drop-test height); and
.9 launching instructions.
5 Markings on open reversible inflatable liferafts.
5.1 The open reversible liferafts should be marked with:
.1 maker's name or trade mark;
.2 serial number;
.3 date of manufacture (monthly and year):
|DOT (UK) approved|
.4 name and place of service station where it was last serviced; and
.5 number of persons it is permitted to accommodate on the top of each buoyancy tube in characters not less than 100 mm in height and of a colour contrasting with that of the tube.
6 Instructions and information
6.1 Instructions and information required for inclusion in the craft's training manual and in the instructions for on-board maintenance should be in a form suitable for inclusion in such training manual and instructions for on-board maintenance. Instructions and information should be in a clear and concise form and should include, as appropriate, the following:
|See Schedule 14 of the MSN 1676 (M)|
.1 general description of the open reversible liferaft and its equipment;
.2 installation arrangements;
.3 operational instructions including use of associated survival equipment;
|Launching, deployment and boarding instructions|
.4 servicing requirements.